Power Consumption of Household Appliances – Complete Guide to 9 Categories

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Power Consumption of Household Appliances

We look at the average Power Consumption of Household Appliances. If you want to save energy or you are in an RV, here’s what you need to know

The power consumption of household appliances is an important consideration when making decisions about how to use energy efficiently. There are many types of household appliances, each with its own power consumption requirements.

Therefore, it is important to understand the power consumption of each appliance in order to make the most efficient decisions.

This article will provide an overview of the power consumption of several household appliances.

We have listed some of the most commonly used appliances with an estimate of their power consumption. This is intended for use as a guideline only.

Remember that a type of appliance’s power consumption will vary depending on its make and model. So an Electrolux front load washer may have different requirements than an LG top loader.

Wattage Table

Here’s the list

ESSENTIAL APPLIANCES
Appliance Rated (Running) Watts Additional Surge Watts
4 Light Bulbs (60W) 240 W 240 W
Dehumidifier 700 W 1200 W
Electric Blanket 100 W 1,250 W
Electric Water Heater (6 Gal.) 1,650 W 1,650 W
Fan 180 W 180 W
Furnace Fan (1/3 HP) 700 W 1,350 W
Heating Pad 60 W 60 W
Space Heater 1,500 W 1,500 W
LAUNDRY APPLIANCES
Appliance Rated (Running) Watts Additional Surge Watts
Clothes Dryer 5000 W 6500 W
Clothes Washer 1,200 W 2,400 W
Iron 1,100 W 1,100 W
Vacuum 900 W 900 W
GROOMING / PERSONAL CARE
Device Rated (Running) Watts Additional Surge Watts
Curling Iron 200 W 200 W
Electric Toothbrush 3 W 3 W
Blow Drier (Hair) 1,500 W 1,500 W
Nose Hair Trimmer 2 W 2 W
Shaver 11 W 11 W
KITCHEN APPLIANCES
Appliance Rated (Running) Watts Additional Surge Watts
Air Fryer 1,600 W 2,200 W
Blender 350 W 800 W
Chest Freezer 350 W 600 W
Coffee Maker (2 cups) 500 W 500 W
Corn Popper 1,200 W 1,200 W
Refrigerator 500 W 700 W
Electric Frying Pan 1,500 W 1,500 W
Grill (Electric) 1,500 W 1,650 W
Hot Plate 1,800 W 2,200 W
Microwave (635W Cooking Power) 635 W 800 W
Slow Cooker 200 W 290 W
Toaster 1,500 W 1,500 W
Toaster Oven 1,400 W 1,400 W
Waffle Iron 1,200 W 1,750 W
ENTERTAINMENT
Device Rated (Running) Watts Additional Surge Watts
19″ Color TV 40 W 40 W
27″ Color TV 60 W 60 W
32″ Color TV 85 W 85 W
Battery Charger (Cell Phone) 5 W 5 W
CD/DVD Player 100 W 100 W
Clock Radio 1 W 1 W
Desktop Computer 70 W 70 W
Laptop 50 W 50 W
Inkjet Printer 30 W 30 W
Radio 2-Way 5 W 5 W
Satellite Dish & Receiver 30 W 30 W
Stereo 90 W 90 W
TOOLS
Item Running Wattage (W) Additional Watts
12′ Concrete Cutter 2,000 W 2,000 W
1/4′ Drill 280 W
7 1/4′ Circular Saw 1,600 W 1,600 W
Air Compressor (Average) 2,200 W 2,200 W
Belt Sander 1,000 W
Circular Saw 1,250 W 1,250 W
Disc Grinder 2,000 W 2,000 W
Disc Sander 1,200 W
Electric Edger 950 W 1,450 W
Electric Chainsaw 1,250 W 1,250 W
Electric Mower 1,500 W 2,900 W
Electric Pressure Washer 1,200 W 2,400 W
Electric String Trimmer 450 W 850 W
Jig Saw 650 W 1050 W
Inflator Pump 50 W 150 W
Miter Saw 850 W 1,300 W
Orbital Sander 600 W 1,200 W
Paint Sprayer 400 W 800 W
Planer 950 W 1,450 W
Water Pump 950 W 1,950 W
Wet / Dry Vacuum 900 W 1,600 W
Worm Drive Saw 1,600 W 1,550 W
Winch 1,700 W 3,500 W
FURNACE FAN FUEL / GAS OIL FURNACE
Item Running Wattage (W) Additional Watts
1/8 horsepower (hp) 250 W 150 W
1/6 horsepower (hp) 550 W 300 W
1/4 horsepower (hp) 600 W 400 W
2/5 horsepower (hp) 750 W 750 W
3/5 horsepower (hp) 900 W 1500 W
CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING
Item Running Wattage (W) Additional Watts
10,000 BTU 1500 W 700 W
20,000 BTU 2,400 W 700 W
24,000 BTU 3,800 W 1,200 W
32,000 BTU 5,000 W 1,600 W
40,000 BTU 6,000 W 750
RV AIR CONDITIONING
Item Running Wattage (W) Additional Watts
RV Roof-Top AC (7,000 BTU) 600 W 600 W
RV Roof-Top AC (11,000 BTU) 1,000 W 800 W
RV Roof-Top AC (13,500 BTU) 1,500 W 1,200 W
RV Roof-Top AC (15,000 BTU) 2,000 W 1,500 W

Categories of Power Consumption

Let’s take a look at some of the appliances you might be using.

Lighting

Generally, lighting power consumption is as follows.

Incandescent bulbs: We use incandescent bulbs in our houses and they consume more power than other types. They need 60-100 watts of power and are becoming less popular for that reason.

Halogen bulbs: Halogen bulbs consume less power than incandescent bulbs. But they still need a significant amount of power. They typically use 20-50 watts of power.

Compact fluorescent lights (CFLs): CFLs are more expensive to buy than incandescent bulbs but will save you money on your bills.

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs): LEDs are becoming increasingly popular due to their energy efficiency and long life. They typically require only 4-7 watts of power.

Kitchen Appliances

Refrigerators: Refrigerators usually need a large amount of power to keep your milk cold. The power needed depends on the size of the fridge. But generally, a refrigerator will need between 500-700 continuous watts. If you are lucky enough to live in a cold place like Alaska, keep your milk on the back step in the winter and save some cents.

Dishwashers: Dishwashers need a large amount of power to run. between 1,200-2,000. It is worth experimenting with the lowest setting on the appliance to reduce power usage. Most modern units have an “Eco-Mode” feature that will reduce power consumption. Also, try putting it on half-full mode, if it has one. This still gets the contents super clean using less energy.

Ovens: Ovens are one of the least energy-efficient appliances in the kitchen. A typical oven will consume 2,400 watts of power. Microwaves and air-fryers use less power, ranging from 500-1,600 watts.

Self-cleaning ovens are more efficient than traditional ones due to their superior insulation.

Some newer ovens may also consume less power, so it’s worth researching your specific model. Remember, you will only use your oven for a couple of hours a day so it may not be as power-hungry as you would imagine.

Smaller Kitchen Gadgets

Electric kettles: Electric kettles consume a large amount of power but only for a short time. Most modern electric kettles consume between 1,500-2,000 watts of power. This depends on how full the kettle is, so avoid overfilling to save energy. The power of kettles boiling impacts the national grid when a popular show finishes.

Coffee makers: Coffee makers vary in power usage, depending on their capacity. Most standard coffee makers will consume between 800-1,000 watts. But some larger machines can consume up to 1,500 watts or more.

Toasters and toaster ovens: The same applies to them. High Wattage but generally for a shorter time.

Laundry Appliances

Washing Machines: Washing machines vary in power consumption, depending on the type of machine. Front-loading machines need between 500-800 watts, while top-loading machines need a little more.

Clothes Dryers: Dryers also need a significant amount of power. A typical dryer will use around 3,000-4,000 watts of power. The combination of the motor to turn the drum and the heater to dry the clothes guzzles power.

Grooming Appliances

We all like to look our best and if you are anything like me, you make use of various appliances to make it so.

Tools like nose trimmers, electric razors, and toothbrushes use tiny amounts of power. Sometimes in single figures for wattage.

But anything that generates heat needs a lot more power. So if you use curling irons, hair dryers, or straighteners, it is sensible to keep an eye on the electricity drain.

Hair dryers: Hair dryers need significant power to operate, between 1,000 and 1,800 watts.

Hair straighteners: Hair straighteners usually need around 100-200 watts of power.

Electric toothbrushes: Electric toothbrushes need a tiny amount of power, around 3-10 watts of power.

Power requirements for outdoor living

Outdoor living is another activity for which it is crucial to be aware of your power usage. When camping or boating, it can be vital to know how much power is available and how much each appliance will use.

You will generate your power from a portable generator or sometimes from deep-cycle batteries. So you need to know the power requirements of your appliances so you don’t overload your power source.

Air conditioners: An air conditioner is one of the most power-hungry appliances when outdoors. And when you are in an RV in Arizona or New Mexico, it can turn into a huge oven. This makes good aircon essential. An RV air conditioner needs between 3,000 to 5,000 watts of power, depending on the BTU. This is dependent on the make and model of your RV, so be sure to check the specs in your owner’s manual.

TVs: A TV is another appliance that can use a decent amount of power, but not as much as you might think. An LED flat-screen TV needs 150 watts or more. This will depend on the size of the TV, which, in turn, usually depends on the size of your RV.

Tools

Power tools like drills, saws, and other tools that need motors may use up to and beyond 1,000 watts of power.

Building work, by its nature, often occurs in remote locations without mains electricity. So builders often need a generator to run their equipment.

So you need to know how much power each tool consumes. That way you can ensure that the generator does not become overloaded. You will need to know what tools you will be using, and which tools will be in use at the same time.

Conclusion – Power Consumption of Household Appliances

The power consumption of appliances varies, depending on the type and size of the appliance.

An understanding of the power needs of each appliance helps to decide how to use energy. You can reduce consumption by choosing energy-efficient appliances. Or you can reduce the power needs of the appliance by putting it on a lower setting. This can help you save money and energy.

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Steve Brown

AUTHOR

Steve is a gadget enthusiast who's always been intrigued by batteries. The founder and editor of Battery Chargers Info, he's assembled a group of like-minded experts to cover every facet of portable power His aim is to help you learn more about your favorite gadgets and their batteries so you can maximize both their performance and their life.

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